Reportage of our (Cawa Media) visit to Astana – capital of Kazakhstan end of August 2015. Please visit the Embassy of Kazakhstan in Stockholm, Sweden for more info and reference.
Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan. It is located on the Ishim River in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within Akmola Region, though administrated separately from the region as the city with special status. The 2014 census reported a population of 835,153 within the city, making it the second-largest city in Kazakhstan.
Founded in 1830 as the settlement of Akmoly (Kazakh: Ақмолы) or Akmolinsky prikaz (Russian: Акмолинский приказ), it served as fortification of the Siberian Cossacks. In 1832, the settlement was granted a town status and renamedAkmolinsk (Russian:Акмолинск). On 20 March 1961, the city was renamed to Tselinograd (Russian: Целиноград) to mark the city’s evolution a cultural and administrative center of the Virgin Lands Campaign. In 1992, it was renamedAkmola (Kazakh: Ақмола), the modified original name meaning ”a white grave”. On 10 December 1997, Akmola replaced Almaty to become the capital of Kazakhstan. On 6 May 1998, it was renamed Astana, which means ”the capital” in Kazakh.
Astana is a planned city, such as Canberra in Australia, Washington, D.C. in the United States and Brasilia in Brazil. The master plan of Astana was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. As the seat of the Government of Kazakhstan, Astana is the site of the Parliament House, the Supreme Court, the Ak Orda Presidential Palace and numerous government departments and agencies. It is home to many futuristic buildings, hotels andskyscrapers. Astana is center for sport, healthcare and education. Astana will host the Expo 2017.